Clean, Safe Drinking Water: An Overview Of 7 Water Treatment Options

Water is essential to life, and ensuring access to clean, safe drinking water is a priority for many. Water treatment removes harmful contaminants to promote better health. This article introduces the various water treatment options available today. These options range from simple processes like filtration to more complex methods like ultraviolet light disinfection.

1. Water Softening

This process removes minerals like calcium and magnesium from hard water, which can cause buildup on pipes and appliances and leave spots on dishes and clothing. Softened water can help extend the life of your plumbing and appliances and improve the overall quality of your water.

2. Reverse Osmosis

This process removes contaminants and impurities from water by forcing it through a semi-permeable membrane. Reverse osmosis is a practical solution for enhancing the overall cleanliness of your water because it can remove various contaminants, including bacteria, viruses, and heavy metals.

3. Filtration

This process removes particles and contaminants from water using a physical barrier or chemical process. Several filters are available, including carbon filters, which eliminate chlorine and other impurities, and sediment filters, which remove particles like sand and dirt.

4. Chlorine Removal

Removing chlorine from your water can improve the overall quality and taste. Carbon filters are the most common type of chlorine removal system, and they work by using a bed of activated carbon to absorb chlorine and other impurities from your water. Systems for reverse osmosis use a semi-permeable membrane to remove impurities. Water distillation systems work by boiling and collecting the steam, which is cooled and condensed back into purified water.

5. UV Disinfection

UV disinfection uses UV light to kill bacteria and viruses in water. UV disinfection is a chemical-free water treatment method, making it an appealing option for those concerned about using chemicals in their drinking water. It is also relatively quick and easy to install, making it a convenient option for improving the safety of your drinking water.

6. Iron Removal

If you have water with high levels of iron, it can leave stains on clothing and appliances and affect the taste and odor of your water. Various iron removal technologies include mechanical filters and chemical treatment techniques. An automatic filter, such as a sediment filter, can physically remove iron particles in your water. Iron can be dissolved and removed from water via chemical treatment techniques, such as using chemicals like potassium permanganate or chlorine.

7. Fluoride Removal 

Fluoride is often added to tap water to help prevent tooth decay. Although fluoride's advantages are widely acknowledged, some people worry that consuming fluoride could have negative health implications. If you're interested in removing fluoride from your water, consider a water treatment system specifically designed to remove fluoride. Different fluoride removal systems are available, including activated alumina filters and reverse osmosis systems. Activated alumina filters use a bed of activated alumina, a porous material, to absorb the fluoride and other contaminants from your water. 

For more info about water treatment, contact a local company.